"BICENTENARIO" CELEBRATION IN ARGENTINA
10 de Julio del 2016
These days, Argentina is celebrating. 200 years of the Declaration of Independence. We thought it appropriate to share with our customers and friends a little story about it:
After May Revolution and the establishment of the First Board, in 1814, King Ferdinand VII returned to the throne of Spain. This country wanted to reconquer its colonies. The royalists had triumphed in Huaqui, Vilcapugio and Ayohuma, and were strong in Upper Peru, now Bolivia. From there they thought to invade the whole territory of Argentina.
On April 15, 1815, a revolution finished with the unitary government of Carlos Maria de Alvear. The revolutionaries demanded the convocation of a General Constituent Congress. Congress of Tucuman began sessions on March 24, 1816 with 33 deputies. Several provinces sent representatives. According to what they had decided, the President of the Congress was rotating and should be changed every month.
One of its first decisions, Congress named Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata one of his deputies, General Juan Martin de Pueyrredón. From there, they discussed the scope of its powers and its internal operations, in addition to deciding on policy issues of national and international level.
Several members of Congress, including General Jose de San Martin, governor of Cuyo Province, requested that the discussion on the Declaration of Independence began. With the chairmanship of a representative body of San Juan, Francisco Narciso de Laprida, voting owned by Francisca Bazán de Laguna, declared a National Historic Landmark in 1941 was held on July 9, in the house.
No country recognized at the time of national independence. However, the July 21, 1816 Independence swore in the session hall by members of the Congress, in the presence of the governor, General Manuel Belgrano, clergy, religious communities and other corporations.